International Journal of Advanced and Integrated Medical Sciences

1.Original Article

Assessment of Knowledge and Practice of Mothers of Children under Five regarding Zinc Therapy in Childhood Diarrhea

Dipak Kumar Dhar, Nilratan Majumder, Debasish Paul
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:169-172] [No. of Hits: 171]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10055]

ABSTRACT

Aim: Zinc is now considered as an important treatment intervention along with low-osmolarity oral rehydration salts in diarrhea. But awareness about the use of zinc remains low. The present study was conducted with an objective of assessing knowledge and practice of mothers of under-5 children about zinc supplementation in diarrhea.

Materials and methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out in the Paediatric Outpatient Department Agartala Government Medical College and GB Pant Hospital, Agartala, Tripura, India, with a sample size of 700 mothers of under-5 children over 2 months. Convenience sampling technique was employed and the data were collected in a structured, interview schedule. Descriptive statistics and tests like chi-square test were used for analysis.

Results: Only 1.9% of all the respondents (13 out of 700) had heard about zinc therapy in diarrhea. Out of them, 11 mothers had actually used zinc in practice and 7 could tell the duration of therapy. None of them were aware of what benefit is conferred by zinc in an episode of diarrhea. An association between knowledge levels and educational status and occupation of mothers was found to be statistically significant.

Conclusion: T he s tudy r eaffirmed t he a bysmally l ow l evel of awareness about zinc supplementation among mothers. Therefore, health education can be used as a tool to promote knowledge and practice of zinc supplementation in diarrhea to reduce mortality and morbidity.

Keywords: Diarrhea, Knowledge, Mothers, Zinc.

How to cite this article: Dhar DK, Majumder N, Paul D. Assessment of Knowledge and Practice of Mothers of Children under Five regarding Zinc Therapy in Childhood Diarrhea. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):169-172.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

2.Original Article

Comparative Study of 0.1% Olopatadine vs 0.05% Cyclosporine in Patients of Recalcitrant Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis

Etti Goyal, Jaya Devendra, Pranav Gupta
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:139-142] [No. of Hits: 206]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10048]

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a chronic, recurrent, bilateral inflammatory disease showing exacerbations during the spring and summer seasons, affecting young children. Present study was conducted with the aim of comparing the efficacy of cyclosporine 0.05% with olopatadine 0.1% in recalcitrant patients of VKC.

Materials and methods: A prospective randomized controlled trial was performed on 40 eyes (20 patients of recalcitrant VKC) during the period of May 2015 to September 2015. A short course of mild steroid was given for 5 days to all patients as they presented with acute exacerbation of recalcitrant VKC.
Left eye of each patient received topical cyclosporine 0.05%, which is a nonsteroidal immunomodulator, twice daily, and right eye of the same patient received olopatadine 0.1%, which has a dual action, i.e., mast cell stabilizer action as well as antihistaminic activity, twice daily for a period of 3 months. Grading of signs and symptoms was done at the time of presentation and at 2 weeks, 1 month, and 3 months interval.

Results: When compared with baseline, scores for signs and symptoms at 2 weeks reduced significantly for both cyclosporine and olopatadine. However, at 3 months, scores as regards signs and symptoms were found to be lower in cyclosporine as compared with olopatadine eyes.

Conclusion: Cyclosporine 0.05% was found to be equally effective in treating signs and symptoms as olopatadine in the early phase of the treatment. But, a significant improvement was noted in cyclosporine eyes as compared with olopatadine eyes in the late period.

Keywords: Immunomodulator, Mean symptom score, Nonsteroidal, Recalcitrant.

How to cite this article: Goyal E , D evendra J , G upta P. Comparative Study of 0.1% Olopatadine vs 0.05% Cyclosporine in Patients of Recalcitrant Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):139-142.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

3.Images in Surgery

Spontaneous Cholecystocutaneous Fistula

Rajesh Abbey
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:196-198] [No. of Hits: 176]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10062]

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous biliary fistulae are encountered, not very rarely, in one’s surgical practice. These fistulae are of three types: Internal, external, and combined. Internal spontaneous biliary fistulae are the commonest. External fistulae could be spontaneous or because of therapeutic, iatrogenic, or traumatic reasons are extremely rare. Spontaneous cholecystocutaneous fistula (SCCF), secondary to calculous cholecystitis, is an extremely rare presentation in the present-day scenario. It used to be quite common before the year 1900, but is very rare now because of better management of cholecystitis and cholelithiasis. Usually, SCCF is a complication of neglected chronic cholelithiasis. This is seldom seen today because of the early diagnosis and better management made feasible by ultrasound as first-line investigation, broad spectrum antibiotics, and effective surgical management of biliary tract diseases. It is a very rare case of 35-year-old female patient presenting in the outpatient department, with the multiple stones carefully preserved, which she had been extruding through the fistulous opening in the umbilicus, for the last 1 year. She was investigated and was operated for the same condition. Though the entity is very rare, clinicians should keep this condition in mind while examining any case of chronic discharging sinus or fistula on the abdominal wall, particularly the wound extruding stones in which case the diagnosis is selfrevealing. In the absence of positive history of expelling stones, the diagnosis can be confirmed by computerized tomogram fistulography. Though the early diagnosis and improvement in the management of gallbladder disease has improved tremendously, the possibility of this condition arising mostly from the neglected gallbladder disease should always be kept in mind as such cases are again being reported from all over the world.

Keywords: Cholecystocutaneous fistula, Cholecystoumbilical fistula, Chronic calculous cholecystitis, Computerized tomogram fistulogram, Laparoscopic cholecystectomy.

How to cite this ar ticle: Abbey R . Spontaneous Cholecystocutaneous Fistula. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016; 1(4):196-198.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

4.Original Article

Prehospital Trauma Care

SM Sharma
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:158-163] [No. of Hits: 253]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10052]

ABSTRACT

The global human population is spread all over the world, but cities, towns, and large villages have dense concentrations of human inhabitation. The inhabitants of cities and towns do have easy and satisfactory access for the management of traumatized patients. However, trauma victims in remote and distant regions, generally, do not have ambulance services or treatment centers nearby to deal effectively with injuries. Even on highways, at accident sites, the injured may succumb to the injuries due to delay in rescue and nonavailability of vital basic life support compounded by delay in transportation of the patient to appropriate hospital or dedicated trauma center. Other factors which add to mortality are nonavailability of trained and experienced personnel at the accident site, inadequate and improper resuscitation during transportation, and referral to a hospital ill-equipped to treat traumatized patients. Trauma is the leading cause of death for patients in their first four decades of life. Prehospital trauma care to save life has not received the necessary attention in developing world due to diverse reasons, including lack of trained staff, inadequate funding, lack of awareness, ignorance, lack of will, and unpredictability of occurrence of accidents. Trauma management remains neglected in third world countries; however, the developed countries have made continuous efforts to save lives of traumatized patients by systematized prehospital care at the site of accident, rescue, and extrication of victims, rendering lifesaving resuscitation on the spot and quick and safe evacuation of the patients to trauma centers by surface and air ambulances depending upon the terrain and distance of the site of occurrence from hospital with continuous monitoring of the patient onboard. Prehospital trauma care needs focused attention to evolve a system and institutions which would impart care to the wounded inclusive of rescue, resuscitation, stabilization of vital parameters, and safe transportation to a dedicated hospital to save life and prevent morbidity.

Keywords: Basic life support in trauma, Emergency surgical care, Prehospital trauma care, Trauma.

How to cite this article: Sharma SM. Prehospital Trauma Care. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):158-163.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

5.From the Editor-in-Chief’s Desk

From the Editor-in-Chief’s Desk

Chander Mohan
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:iv] [No. of Hits: 162]
Full Text HTML |

ABSTRACT

Heartiest congratulations to all the readers from our editorial team. With all your support and best wishes, the journal is indexed with Index Copernicus, and we are targeting to get our journal indexed in other databases also, for which we need to maintain the quality of articles.

6.Original Article

A Clinicopathological Study of Various Conjunctival Lesions in Children

Juhi Goel, Swapnila Prasad, Ashutosh Dokania
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:143-147] [No. of Hits: 177]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10049]

ABSTRACT

Conjunctival cysts are of a common occurrence in clinical parlance. These tend to be mostly asymptomatic. However, the underlying cause may be vision threatening. Thus, we conducted a clinicohistopathological study of conjunctival cysts in pediatric age group who presented to our outpatient department in Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India. The aim was to analyze the risk factors, clinical presentation, treatment modalities, and a certain type of cysts in order of their frequency. Significant history, detailed ocular examination, and relevant investigations that were carried out in 10 cases of conjunctival lesions were noted. The management was done and the histopathological examination (HPE) reports were charted. Despite a similar clinical presentation, HPE revealed varied diagnosis. These comprised choristomatous cysts (4), subconjunctival cysticercosis (2), inclusion cysts (2), inflammatory cyst (1), and capillary hemangioma (1). Conjunctival cysts are not just a cosmetic blemish. A detailed ocular examination, early diagnosis, and treatment can help prevent various vision-threatening complications.

Keywords: Conjunctival cysts, Cysticercosis, Lipodermoid.

How to cite this article: Goel J, Prasad S, Dokania A. A Clinicopathological Study of Various Conjunctival Lesions in Children. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):143-147.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

7.Original Article

An Epidemiological Study on Perception of the Cataract Patients regarding Cataract Surgery in Tertiary Care Hospital, Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh

Pankaj Kumar, Hari S Joshi, Rashmi Katyal, Pratyush Ranjan
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:148-150] [No. of Hits: 219]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10050]

ABSTRACT

Blindness is one of the significant social problems in India with 7 million of the total 45 million blind people in the world residing in our country. Major barriers to cataract surgery are poverty, no transportation, need not felt, and sex related. The low literacy rate among females and poor accessibility of the surgical sites were identified as important barriers in rural areas. There was also association found between socioeconomic status and cataract among cataract patients. In this study, a total of 208 participants who attended the ophthalmology outpatient department were studied for the observation on perception of cataract patient regarding cataract surgery. Data were analyzed and results were compared with other global studies.

Keywords: Cataract, Perception, Tertiary care.

How to cite this article: Kumar P, Joshi HS, Katyal R, Ranjan P. An Epidemiological Study on Perception of the Cataract Patients regarding Cataract Surgery in Tertiary Care Hospital, Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):148-150.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

8.Original Article

Impact of Health Education in Perception of Patients regarding Storage of Health Records among Patients attending Tertiary Care Hospital, Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh

VK Tiwari, Abhishek Kumar, Ashok Agarwal, Hari S Joshi, Deepak Upadhyay, Pooja Bansal
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:151-157] [No. of Hits: 178]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10051]

ABSTRACT

Objective: To know the patients’ attitude regarding preserving records: pre- and postcounseling.

Materials and methods: A questionnaire was administered to all the subjects, and data were assessed by applying statistical test. The health education awareness is regularly carried out in outpatient department (OPD) and inpatient department (IPD) by various audiovisual aids.

Setting: A cross-sectional study was conducted among the patients from OPD and IPD of the Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Results: Out of 998 patients studied, 421 (42.2%) of them were preserving record and 577 (57.8%) did not. After counseling both groups who were preserving and not preserving the records, a remarkable change was observed, i.e., 800 (80.2%) patients from OPD and IPD started preserving their records in a positive way and were bringing at the time of consultation.

Conclusion: With the sustained and regular health education/ motivation, the patients realized the importance of record keeping.

Keywords: Counseling, Health awareness, Health education, Health motivation, Health records.

How to cite this article: Tiwari VK, Kumar A, Agarwal A, Joshi HS, Upadhyay D, Bansal P. Impact of Health Education in Perception of Patients regarding Storage of Health Records among Patients attending Tertiary Care Hospital, Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):151-157.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

9.Original Article

The Study of Sociodemographic Profile of Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients in Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh: A Cross-sectional Study

Piyush Gupta, Arun Singh, Hari S Joshi, Pankaj Kumar, Himalaya Singh
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:164-166] [No. of Hits: 185]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10053]

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tuberculosis in children is mainly due to failure of tuberculosis control in adults. In India, over 100,000 children die from tuberculosis every year. The risk of developing disease after infection is determined by various factors, including age at exposure, sex, family, and socioeconomic status. There are no such studies carried out in Bareilly district till date; therefore, with this view, this study is being conducted.

Aims and objectives: To know the sociodemographic profile of pediatric tuberculosis patients in Bareilly district.

Materials and methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 120 children aged 0 to 14 years registered at various tuberculosis units (TUs) in Bareilly district. The selection of TUs was done by simple random sampling.

Result and conclusion: Out of total 120 cases in the study, majority of them were females (65%), followed by 35% male pediatric tuberculosis cases; 61.7% study participants belonged to 10 to 14 years of age, and 51.7% belonged to lower socioeconomic status.

Keywords: Pediatric, Socioeconomic status, Tuberculosis.

How to cite this article: Gupta P, Singh A, Joshi HS, Kumar P, Singh H. The Study of Sociodemographic Profile of Pediatric Tuberculosis Patients in Bareilly District, Uttar Pradesh: A Crosssectional Study. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):164-166.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

10.Original Article

A Study of Precondylar Tubercle in North Indian Crania

SHH Zaidi
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:167-168] [No. of Hits: 164]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10054]

ABSTRACT

Studies of nonmetric cranial variants have been a field of major interest to all the research workers, especially, because of their racial and regional importance. Twenty eight North Indian skulls of patients from Uttar Pradesh were studied for the precondylar tubercle, a cranial variant in the present study. The findings are documented, discussed, and compared with other studies from different parts of the world and are found to be of considerable regional and racial significance.

Keywords: Anthropologicalcharacters, Cranial variant, Precondylar tubercle, Races.

How to cite this article: Zaidi SHH. A Study of Precondylar Tubercle in North Indian Crania. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(3):167-168.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

11.Original Article

Radiological Evaluation of Thyroid Diseases using Gray Scale and Color Doppler Sonography

Sagar Tyagi, Pramod Kumar, Atul Mehrotra, Pradeep Parakh, Lalit Kumar, Parveen Hans
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:173-182] [No. of Hits: 318]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10056]

ABSTRACT

Introduction: The thyroid gland is the largest of all endocrine glands and is the only one which is amenable to direct physical examination and high resolution real-time grayscale sonography because of its superficial location. High Resolution Ultrasonography (USG) with Color Doppler is used to assess the nature of the lesion according to its vascularity and also the hemodynamic characteristics of the gland. Thus, the combination of Gray scale Sonography and Color Flow Doppler provide huge benefits and help in increasing the sensitivity, specificity and accuracy in distinguishing benign and malignant thyroid nodules. Nearly 50% of patients with a clinically palpable solitary thyroid nodule have avoided surgery because of thyroid ultrasound.

Aims and objectives: The present study is aimed to determine the role of high resolution USG in the evaluation of lesions of the thyroid with Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) correlation and compare it with other studies.

Materials and methods: This is a prospective study carried out on 50 patients (44 female and 6 male) who attended ENT or Surgery outpatient department/inpatient department (OPD/IPD) and were referred to the Department of Radio-Diagnosis for high resolution USG of neck at Rohilkhand Medical College and Hospital, Bareilly, Uttar Pradesh, India. This study was conducted for a period of one year from March 2015 to February 2016. The ultrasound machine used was GE LOGIQ V5.

Result and Conclusion: Our present study consisted of 50 cases which were clinically suspected suffering from thyroid dysfunction. Thyroid ultrasound was very efficient in picking up lesions in all 50 cases in our study. In comparison, to other studies our study gave a similar picture in terms of benign lesions being much more common than malignant lesions. The most common benign lesion determined in our study was colloid goiter which was the most common benign lesion in many other studies. In comparison to other studies, we were able to detect malignant nodules with a better specificity. Chronic thyroiditis was also very efficiently detected using ultrasound in our study.

Keywords: Fine-needle aspiration cytology, Thyroid, Ultrasound.

How to cite this article: Tyagi S, Kumar P, Mehrotra A, Parakh P, Kumar L, Hans P. Radiological Evaluation of Thyroid Diseases using Gray Scale and Color Doppler Sonography. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):173-182.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

12.Review Article

Vestibular Implant: Are We Ready for It?

Chander Mohan, Abhinav Srivastava
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:183-185] [No. of Hits: 181]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10057]

ABSTRACT

The present article aims to provide an overview of the research and development in the field of vestibular implants for patients suffering from bilateral vestibulopathy. There is a strong justification for surgical intervention in such patients because of a negative impact and disability of disease on the life of the patients. A few animal and human studies have been undertaken, and the available data from both animal and human studies are encouraging. It is evident that there is a technical feasibility for the use of vestibular implants. Although normal vestibular function is not expected, significant, physical improvement is expected in these patients.

Keywords: Oscillopsia, Vestibular implants, Vestibulopathy.

How to cite this article: Mohan C, Srivastava A. Vestibular Implant: Are We Ready for It? Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016; 1(4):183-185.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

13.Case Study

Brugada Syndrome: Killer Genetic Heart Disorder

Payodh Chaudhary, Nitin Agarwal, Malini Kulshrestha, RR Chaudhary
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:186-187] [No. of Hits: 174]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10058]

ABSTRACT

Brugada syndrome is a rare inherited arrhythmic disorder, which predisposes to ventricular arrhythmia that is responsible for sudden and unexpected nocturnal death syndrome.

Keywords: Brugada syndrome, Sudden and unexpected nocturnal death syndrome, Ventricular arrhythmia.

How to cite this ar ticle: Chaudhary P, Agarwal N, Kulshrestha M, Chaudhary RR. Brugada Syndrome: Killer Genetic Heart Disorder. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016; 1(4):186-187.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

14.Case Study

A Modified Cutler-Beard Technique to manage Extensive Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma of Upper Eyelid

Pranav Gupta, Y Rizvi, Etti Goyal
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:188-190] [No. of Hits: 300]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10059]

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Sebaceous gland carcinoma (SGC) is a rare tumor affecting the elderly, with a predisposition for females arising from the meibomian glands and occurring more commonly on the upper eyelid. Diagnosis is difficult because the tumor mimics chalazion or blepharitis. Sebaceous gland carcinoma has a mortality rate of about 5 to 10%.

Aim: To present a modified Cutler-Beard technique of lid reconstruction to manage a case of extensive SGC of upper lid.

Materials and methods: A 65-year-old male presented with a rapidly growing extensive mass of right upper eyelid (size 4.2 × 4 × 2.1 cm) causing mechanical ptosis. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis as SGC. Wide excision of the lesion was performed sacrificing the whole upper eyelid. Lid reconstruction was done employing lower eyelid as per the bridged flap technique with the use of 4 mm silicon band to enhance lid stability. Patient achieved a satisfactory functional and cosmetic result following the second stage of the procedure.

Conclusion: Total loss of upper eyelid is often dealt with classical lid sharing technique of reconstruction first described by Cutler-Beard. For lid stability, use of tarsus from contralateral eye, ear cartilage has their attendant problems. A 4.0 silicon band was used to replace the sacrificed tarsus, achieving good results.

Keywords: Bridged flap, Meimobian gland, Pleomorphic, Silicon band, Vacuolated.

How to cite this article: Gupta P, Rizvi Y, Goyal E. A Modified Cutler-Beard Technique to manage Extensive Sebaceous Gland Carcinoma of Upper Eyelid. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):188-190.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

15.Case Study

Rare Case of Intrahepatic Pancreatic Pseudocyst misdiagnosed as Hepatic Abscess

Parveen Hans, Sagar Tyagi, Prashant Sinha, Lalit Kumar, Deepanshu Gupta, Robin Singh
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:191-193] [No. of Hits: 174]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10060]

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Pseudocyst formation is a well known complication of pancreatitis. Intrahepatic pancreatic pseudocyst is very rare event and only about 30 cases have been reported in literature.
We report here a case of 32-year-old male who was previously diagnosed as a case of hepatic abscess. He was referred to our department for ultrasonography (USG) and contrast enhanced computed tomography (CECT) abdomen with complaint of recurrent pain in upper abdomen. On the basis of findings of CECT Abdomen, diagnosis of large intrahepatic pancreatic pseudocyst in left lobe of liver is made.

Conclusion: Intrahepatic pseudocyst should be considered a differential diagnosis of cystic hepatic lesions in the patients with chronic or recent episode of acute pancreatitis. Computed tomography and high level of amylase in the collection plays an important role for diagnosing this complication.

Keywords: Computed tomography, Intrahepatic pseudocyst, Pancreatic pseudocyst, Pancreatitis.

How to cite this article: Hans P, Tyagi S, Sinha P, Kumar L, Gupta D, Singh R. Rare Case of Intrahepatic Pancreatic Pseudocyst misdiagnosed as Hepatic Abscess. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):191-193.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

16.Case Study

Sublingual Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Presentation

Ashish K Maurya, Shalini Jadia, Leena Jain, Sadat Qureshi
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:194-195] [No. of Hits: 183]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10061]

ABSTRACT

Infection of pilo-sebacious gland or traumatic migration of epidermis to the deeper layers of the skin can lead to epidermoid cyst. Any site of the body which is lined by squamous epithelium can be the site of epidermoid cyst. We present a case of sublingual epidermoid cyst in a 14-year-old female, who presented with a slow-growing, soft, midline swelling in submental region. Cyst was excised under local anesthesia with sedation. Histopathological examination revealed a cystic wall lined by keratinizing squamous epithelium with lamellated keratin and fibrocollagenous tissue with congested blood vessels, along with subcutaneous fat and muscle bundles, which is suggestive of epidermoid cyst.

Keywords: Epidermoid cyst, Keratinized squamous epithelium, Submental swelling.

How to cite this article: Maurya AK, Jadia S, Jain L, Qureshi S. Sublingual Epidermoid Cyst: A Rare Presentation. Int J Adv Integ Med Sci 2016;1(4):194-195.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None

17.Great Scientist in Medicine

Laennec Contributions to the Field of Medicine

VK Tiwari
[Year:2016] [Month:October-December] [Volume:1 ] [Number:4] [Pages No:199-201] [No. of Hits: 431]
Full Text HTML |
  • [PDF]
  • [Abstract]
  • [DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10050-10063]

ABSTRACT

Rene Theophile Hyacinthe Laennec was a master of clinical diagnosis. Using his invention, the stethoscope, he perfected the art of physical examination of the chest, methods to examine, and also introduced many terms that are still used today. He wrote two books that were masterful descriptions of the diseases of chest and heart.